Babylonian and Persian Eras

King  Year Born  Begin Reign Died/Exile Length of Reign in Years Age at Death / Exile Comments
Josiah35776473585639361660831392 Kings 22:1. 2 Chron 34:1
Jehoahaz3593631361660836166083 months232 Kings 23:31. 2 Chron 36:2. Taken into exile in Egypt
Jehoiakim (son of Josiah)35916333616608362759711362 Kings 23:34,36. 2 Chron 36:5. Taken into exile in Babylon
Jehoiachin3609615362759736275973 months182 Kings 24:8. 2 Chron 36:9. Taken into exile in Babylon
Zedekiah (son of Josiah)36066183627597363858611322 Kings 24:17,18
Nabopolassar c.3594 c.630 361960525
Nebuchadrezzar II (Nebuchadnezzar)3594630361960536635614469
Awil-Marduk (Evil-Merodach) 366356136645601
Nergal-shar-usur (Neriglissar) 366555936695554
Nabonidus 3669555368553916 Exile
Belshazzar 3674550368553911 (Co-Regent with father Nabonidus)
Cyrus II (Cyrus the Great)3639585366555936955293056
Cambyses II 369552937025227
Darius I3674550370252237384863664
Xerxes I3705519373848637594652154
Artaxerxes I Longimanus 3759465379942540
Xerxes II (Secydianus) 379942538004241
Darius II Ochus 3801423382040419
Artaxerxes II Mnemon 3820404386535945
Artaxerxes III Ochus 3865359388633821
Arses 388633838883362
Darius III Codommanus 388833638943306
Alexander III (Alexander the Great)3868356388833639013231333


Prophet  Year Begin   Year End  Length of Era in Years Comments
Jeremiah3598626363858640Jeremiah 1:2,3
Daniel3619605368753768Daniel 1:1, 10:1
Ezekiel3632592365257220Ezekiel 1:1,2
Haggai370352137085165Haggai 1:1, 2:1,10,20; Ezra 6:14,15
Zechariah370352137085165Zechariah 1:1,7, 7:1; Ezra 6:14,15
Ezra3766458379642830Ezra 7:7-9. Length of 30yrs is an arbitrary estimate.
Nehemiah3779445380941530Nehemiah 2:1. Length of 30yrs is an arbitrary estimate.
Malachi Thought to have been written after the rebuilding of the Temple in 516 BC, but before Ezra/Nehemiah in 458 - 445 BC


Event  Year of Event  Reign used as
Starting Reference
AM BC King Years
Men from Jerusalem's Royalty/Nobility taken to Babylon3619605Jehoiakim32 Kings 24:1-4. Daniel 1:1-4
Jehoiachin taken captive, along with most people and wealth3627597Jehoiachin12 Kings 24:8-17
Jerusalem raized (incl. Temple), more people taken into exile3638586Zedekiah112 Kings 25:8
Babylon falls to Persia - Cyrus II (Cyrus the Great)3685539Cyrus the Great1
Decree to re-build temple and allow exiles to return3686538Cyrus the Great12 Chron 36:21,22. Ezra 1:1
Completion of Temple as a result of decree by Darius3708516Darius I6Ezra 6:15
Ezra travels to Jerusalem, with decree from Artaxerxes I3766458Artaxerxes I7Ezra 7:7-9
Nehemiah leaves for Jerusalem with letters from Artaxerxes I3779445Artaxerxes I20


Daniel's Dreams and Visions  Year of Event  Reign used as
Starting Reference
AM BC King Years
Statue of Gold, Silver, Bronze, Iron and Clay (Chapter 2)3620604Nebuchadnezzar2Daniel 2:1
The Four Beasts (Chapter 7)3674550Belshazzar1Daniel 7:1
The Ram and the Goat (Chapter 8)3676548Belshazzar3Daniel 8:1
The Seventy "Sevens" (Chapter 9)3685539Darius (a Mede)1Daniel 9:1
Vision of a Man, and Kings of North & South (Chapters 10-12)3687537Cyrus the Great3Daniel 10:1



Babylonian and Persian EmpiresChart dating after CreationChart dating before Christ


Note: BC (Before Christ) dates for the kings of Babylon, Persia and Greece have been taken from Britannica CD, Version 99, Copyright © 1994-1999. Encyclopędia Britannica, Inc.

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